Irvine is an incorporated city in Orange County, California, United States. It is a planned city, mainly developed by the Irvine Company since the 1960s. Formally incorporated on December 28, 1971, the 69.7 square mile (180.5 km²) city has a population of about 209,806 (as of January 1, 2008).
Irvine is home to the University of California, Irvine (UCI), Concordia University, the Orange County Center of the University of Southern California, and the Irvine campuses of Alliant International University, California State University Fullerton, and Pepperdine University. Irvine Valley College, a community college, is also located in the city.
Irvine is home to a number of corporations, particularly in the technology sector.
Irvine is the country's largest and best-known planned community. Now a city of over 200,000 people, its housing "villages" and business developments were sculpted from portions of the huge Irvine Ranch, purchased by James Irvine in 1864. Cattle and sheep once grazed the flat valley, but James Irvine began switching from ranching to farming in the late 1800s.
The ranch became a leading producer of barley and lima beans, but other crops, such as asparagus, avocados, strawberries and orange trees, also flourished.
Irvine Housing & real estate
Median rent in Irvine, at the time of the 2000 Census, was $1,177. Monthly homeowner costs, for people with mortgages, were $1,897.